WHAT IS ASSISTED LIVING?
Assisted living is a option for senior housing
An assisted living facility is a senior living option for those with minimal needs
for assistance with daily living and care. It’s purpose is to help adults live
independently in a safe environment.
Aging in place is the option that most seniors prefer, but sometimes it is not the safest one to choose. If a person is unable to take care of their daily activity needs, like dressing, bathing, cooking, shopping, paying bills, and taking medications, it’s time to rethink aging in place.
There is a huge movement among seniors that want to live at home and maintain independence but In some cases, aging in place is not a good idea. Especially when
it involves a loved ones overall well being and safety. There are new regulations in
place to help people who wish to stay at home, while they age.
State and Federal Regulations
There are no federal standards and regulations for assisted living facilities. Each
state defines assisted living and sets the regulations for the entity.
Some federal laws impact assisted living communities, but most oversight occurs
at the state level. Most states are moving towards defining their assisted living facilities
as such, whereas other states use different terms such as residential care facilities or
personal care homes. Two-thirds of states use the term assisted living.
It’s important to note that some licensed assisted living facilities may care for other
residents besides seniors, such as mentally challenged and those with special needs.
While the term “Assisted Living Facility” covers a wide range of facility types and care
types, the most common is care geared toward seniors.
Services Offered by Assisted Living
- Living accommodations (Private or Shared Assisted Living Rooms)
- Assistance with activities of daily living (ADL)
Additional services offered by assisted living facilities include:
- Medication management
- Additional nursing services (by either staff or outsourced)
- Social activities
- More intensive memory care
Types of Assisted Living
The types of senior living and assisted living fall between an independent living
community and a nursing home, in terms of levels of care offered. A typical assisted
living facility might offer 24-hour personal care monitoring and support services like
medication administration or bathing, while providing more freedom and privacy than
a nursing home.
Depending upon the state location of the assisted living facility, There are typically three
most common types offered:
Assisted Living Facility Type I & Type II
Small Health Care Facility – Type N
Type I – Assisted living facility
The facility provides a safe and clean living place with three meals a day. A resident
may require minimal assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs), including significant
assistance with up to two ADL’s.
Residents in Type I facilities:
Evacuate the facility under their own power (be mobile).
Have stable health and free from any communicable disease.
May receive assistance with medications or have medications administered by a nurse.
May receive home health services through individual contract with home health agency.
Receives 24-hour general monitoring, 7 days a week.
May receive general nursing care according to facility policy.
Participate in developing a service plan.
Type II – Assisted living facility
The facility provides full assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs).
Residents in Type II facilities:
May require the assistance of one person for transfers or to evacuate.
May receive assistance with medication or have medications administered
by a nurse.
Receive general nursing care from facility staff.
Be free of communicable diseases that could be transmitted to others through
the normal course of activities.
Receive 24 hour individualized personal and health-related services, 7 days a week.
May receive home health services through individual contract with a home health agency.
Participate in developing a service plan.
Small Health Care Facility:
(limited in the number of residents)
Residents in a Small Health Care facilities:
Lives in a licensed home occupied by the owner or operator.
Receives supervised nursing care on a daily basis from a written plan of care.
Receives assistance with medications or receives medication administration
by a nurse.
Be free of communicable diseases and does not require 24 hour nursing care
or inpatient hospital care.
May be dependent
Receive total assistance for daily activity needs
Receives 24-hour direct care staff for monitoring and assistance.
May receive rehabilitative services through individual contract with a home health agency.
The Physical Characteristics of an Assisted Living Facility
Assisted living facilities strive to include homelike qualities. Although some have an
institutional feel to them, while others have a much more homelike style and feel.
Studies show that two factors affect the older adult to successfully adjust to new surroundings:
1. Their personal needs are met.
2. The previous home and the new surroundings have similar characteristics and
The more autonomy and choice a resident is given, the less health complications
they experience than in facilities where choices were less frequent.
The physical characteristics range from a house or small building with just a few beds
to a large senior living campus with multiple buildings and hundreds of beds.
Each state is different with a number of licensing requirements, so it is important to
know what type of care facility you prefer.
Most senior living facilities offer a high level of privacy. Despite the 24-hour trained
staff, residents find the same amount of privacy as they would within a standard apartment complex. Decorated and personally arranged rooms give residents the comfort of home.
Since there is no need for nursing home type equipment, assisted living care facilities offer
more of a community type atmosphere, with the added comfort of assistance from a trained
staff within the facility.
Assisted Living Residents
Residents are typically senior citizens who need some assistance with everyday life but
do not need the intensive care as offered in nursing homes. They are capable of living on
their own and they’re in reasonably decent health. Since states license and regulate assisted
living, some licensed facilities cater to mentally handicapped persons or persons with
The most valuable service assisted living offers is medical assistance from a trained staff.
If residents are partially incapacitated from illness or injury, the staff assist residents with
needed care, while allowing the resident to enjoy and maintain a normal social lifestyle.
Assisted living is a great option for senior citizens in need of a bit more care than
independent living, but not wanting the confines of a nursing home.
If you have questions or would like to discuss the possibilities of assisted living for
your loved one, you are always welcome to contact us right HERE
Talking with a professional that understands the dynamics of everything your
facing and going through can be like a huge weight lifted from your shoulders.
We are here to help you.